Compression-Only CPR

Video 7 of 23
2 min 11 sec

Guide to Hands-Only CPR

If you're hesitant to perform rescue breaths during CPR for reasons such as unfamiliarity with the person, visible injuries, or contamination on the victim's face, Hands-Only CPR is a viable option. This method focuses solely on chest compressions to provide critical assistance in emergencies.

**Understanding Hands-Only CPR**

Hands-Only CPR is based on the principle that chest compressions pump blood from the heart and allow it to refill naturally. Each compression also aids in a small exchange of air in the lungs, which can be crucial even without rescue breaths. This technique helps circulate oxygenated blood by utilizing the body's residual oxygen.

**Procedure Overview**

The procedure for Hands-Only CPR is similar to traditional CPR but omits rescue breaths. Here’s how to administer it:

  • Approach the person carefully and introduce yourself.
  • Check for responsiveness by tapping on their collarbone.
  • Open their airway and check for breathing.
  • If no breathing is detected, immediately call Emergency Services.

Performing the Compressions

Position your hands on the centre of the chest and press down firmly:

  • Depth of compression should be 5 to 6 cm.
  • Maintain a rate of 100 to 120 beats per minute, approximately two compressions per second.

Continue these compressions consistently. If necessary, you can speak to others without stopping the compressions.

**The Efficacy of Hands-Only CPR**

While it does not include rescue breaths, Hands-Only CPR is still an effective method for maintaining circulation and slight air exchange. This technique ensures that blood and oxygen continue to flow to vital organs until professional help arrives or until you can switch to traditional CPR with the help of another responder.

Remember, your intervention can make a significant difference in emergency situations. Whether you choose Hands-Only or traditional CPR, the key is to act promptly and decisively.