Want to watch this video? Sign up for the course here. Or enter your email below to watch one free video.

Unlock This Video Now for FREE

This video is normally available to paying customers.
You may unlock this video for FREE. Enter your email address for instant access AND to receive ongoing updates and special discounts related to this topic.

Child CPR is a very sensitive and worrying thing to think about, let alone something to do. Children normally need CPR because of a respiratory problem rather than a cardiac (Heart) condition, which is more common with adults. This is why we first give 5 rescue breaths and then 30 compressions followed by 2 breaths. You then repeat 30:2 until you are relieved, the EMS arrive, the child shows signs of recovery, or you are too tired to continue.

When doing the breaths, cover your mouth over the child's mouth and pinch the nose closed or use a face shield. You need to gently blow for up to one second until you see the chest rise and fall. To do the compressions place one hand in the centre of the chest and push down at least one-third of the depth of the chest for the 30 compressions at a rate of 100-120 compressions per minute. If you cannot make the chest move with one hand, then use both.

If possible, send a bystander to call the EMS and get help immediately. If you are on your own, you should use the "Call Fast" approach and carry out 1 minute of CPR then go and make the call.

Infant CPR is again a very sensitive and worrying thing to have to do. Infants, like children, would normally need CPR because of a respiratory problem. First, give 5 rescue breaths and then 30 compressions followed by 2 breaths. You then repeat 30:2 until you are relieved, the EMS arrived, the infant shows signs of recovery, or you are too tired to continue.

When doing the breaths, cover your mouth over the infant's mouth and nose or use a face shield. Gently blow for up to one second until you see the chest rise and fall. To do the compressions, place two fingers in the centre of the chest and push down at least one-third of the depth of the chest for the 30 compressions, at a rate of 100 -120 compressions per minute.

With an infant, you may be able to carry him to meet the paramedic. Continue CPR while carrying him carefully but CPR is best done on a firm surface.

If there is a bystander, send them to call the EMS immediately. If you are on your own, you should use the "Call Fast" approach and carry out 1 minute of CPR then go and make the call.

HAND PLACEMENT FOR COMPRESSIONS

Adult and larger children - Place the heel of your dominant hand on the centre of the chest, put your second hand on top, and interlock your fingers

Child - Place the heel of one hand in the centre of the chest, give 5 breaths first, 30 compressions about a third of the depth of the chest, and 2 breaths. Repeat the cycle. If you can’t move the chest with 1 hand, use the 2 handed methods above.

Infant - Place two fingers on the centre of the chest, give 5 breaths first, 30 compressions at least a third of the depth of the chest, then 2 breaths. Repeat cycle if necessary.

When doing breaths on an infant, seal your mouth over the mouth and nose.